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Politics, Economics Weighed In Midterm Ballot Proposals On Term Limits, Casinos, Tort Reform

Bobby Ampezzan
Canvasser Cynthia Ford visits with Taitanna Sumowulu and her sister Alexandra. Only Alexandra Sumowulu is old enough to be a registered voter and sign Ford's three petitions.

As it approaches 100 degrees, the roofline of Stickyz Rock 'n' Roll Chicken Shack shades about 2 feet of the sidewalk along President Clinton Avenue in downtown Little Rock.

That's where canvasser Cynthia Ford sets up. She's carrying signature rolls for three ballot items.

"In this weather, you can't be out for so long because then it becomes a health risk."

Ford is paid for each and every signature she collects, paid by National Ballot Access, and her goal today — every day — is 100, but it's hard to get people to stop.

"About 10 seconds," she says — that's the window she has to get their attention, speak the ballot issues with search-term brevity and convince potential signatories to stop.

Ford, 58, is carrying all three voter-initiated ballot measures on file with the secretary of state. Each one requires nearly 85,000 valid signatures, and Friday is the deadline.

Credit Bobby Ampezzan / ARKANSAS PUBLIC MEDIA
Cynthia Ford, 58, is a retired school teacher from Ohio. She's a paid canvasser for ballot measure signatures, but she says she does it largely to increase political and civic engagement.

The three are an amendment to cap tenure in the Arkansas Legislature to 10 years total (term limits), an initiated act to increase the minimum wage in Arkansas ($11 by 2021), and an amendment to issue four casino gaming licenses in the state.

Additionally, there's two amendments guaranteed to be on the ballot. They were passed by the 91st General Assembly (2017). Issue 1 limits punitive and non-economic damage awards in lawsuits as well as attorney contingency fees for attorneys; it also gives the Legislature some rule-making authority over the state Supreme Court.

Issue 2 is a constitutional amendment that would require voters to show photo identification before being able to vote.

"Why wouldn't we want to have photo ID? We do for everything else," says state Rep. Robin Lundstrum (R-Elm Springs).

Lundstrum didn't offer counts or evidence of people voting under false identities. She said only that the issue polls well, and "You don't wait until your house is broken into before you lock the door."

Credit Bobby Ampezzan / ARKANSAS PUBLIC MEDIA
State Rep. Robin Lundstrum (R-Elm Springs)

There's already a voter ID law on the books. Act 633 was created by the last Assembly. It's been disputed in court but was in effect for the May primaries.

Lundstrum says her bill is being put to the people, not left to lawmakers in a session, because “this is something that, legislatively, goes back and forth, back and forth, and when you get legislators tinkering, it’s everybody’s got an opinion.”


“Ma’am, you a registered voter in Arkansas?”

They're the first words out of Ford’s mouth — are you a registered voter? In Arkansas?

The words stopped Amber Crouch, a young lawyer who works in the high-rise office down the block. She’s happy to sign two of the three, but she hesitates on the third.

“Signing the petition just puts it on the ballot for a vote. It doesn’t necessarily say you agree,” Ford says.

“When you put it that way, I feel like I should sign it,” Crouch says. “To get it on the ballot. I don’t love term limits because I don’t think many of our current legislators are as qualified as they should be, possibly because we enacted term limits in the first place. That’s why I didn’t sign that, but, to your point, that’s a good idea. That’s a good thought. Perhaps I should sign it so it’s given to the voters to decide.”

“Absolutely,” Ford says.

Credit Bobby Ampezzan / ARKANSAS PUBLIC MEDIA
Tom Steele of Little Rock is the sponsor of the Arkansas Term Limits Amendment.

The sponsor of the term limits measure is Tom Steele of Little Rock. The amendment would cap the total tenure any legislator may be allowed at 10 years, down from 16.

Steele says he and his like-minded campaigners believe tenured lawmakers grow increasingly cozy with lobbyists who, in turn, increasingly support the lawmakers’ re-elections with campaign contributions, but also ask for favors. Like Lundstrum, he doesn’t offer any evidence that veteran lawmakers ignore their constituents and legislate for special interests.

“But the real truth is, lobbyist groups have spent a lot of money influencing legislation. They’ve also spent a lot of money across the nation trying to influence legislation [blocking] term limits.”

Steele says standalone term limits ballot measures perform well. In 1992, term limits were approved by six in 10 voters; 12 years later, in 2004, an extension of limits was rejected by seven in 10. In 2014, the Legislature approved an ethics ballot measure that, almost as an afterthought, extended term limits, a deal Steele bristles at.

“So the other thing we’ve got in [our ballot proposal] is a prohibition — the Legislature can never do again what they did in 2014. They can’t just refer a constitutional amendment to the public that guts term limits. They want to change term limits, then they’re going to have to go out and stand in front of Walmart like we do.”


Back in Little Rock’s downtown River Market, Cynthia Ford says as a paid canvasser, there are issues she would not carry.

Credit Bobby Ampezzan / ARKANSAS PUBLIC MEDIA
Canvasser Cynthia Ford says a good day for her is when she gets a hundred signatures. One hundred is also the daytime high temperature that makes that goal tough.

“For instance, many years ago I was out in California, and a young man had a petition that had something to do with the circumcision of little boys. I would not sign that in a heartbeat. That’s a personal family religious issue. That’s not something that should be voted on. Not doing it.”

But this election season, in Arkansas, there’s no popular referendum that raises red flags for her. In fact, she’s enthusiastic to get the word out about the minimum wage hike and casinos.

“Something that deals with an influx of funds? I’m all for it.”

And term limits?

Ford’s face grows steely, and she takes a beat before swallowing her first answer.

“I just think the voters should decide on that one.”

This story is produced by Arkansas Public Media. What's that? APM is a nonprofit journalism project for all of Arkansas and a collaboration among public media in the state. We're funded in part through a grant from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, with the support of partner stations KUAR, KUAF, KASU and KTXK. And, we hope, from you! You can learn more and support Arkansas Public Media's reporting at Arkansas Public Media is Natural State news with context.

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